Elevators, a vital means for urban transportation, are generally lacking proper emergency call systems besides an emergency button. In the case of unconscious or otherwise incapacitated passengers this can lead to lethal situations. A camera-based surveillance system with AI-based alerts utilizing an elevator state machine can help passengers unable to initiate an emergency call. In this research work, the applicability of RGB-D images as input for instance segmentation in the highly reflective environment of an elevator cabin is evaluated. For object segmentation, a Region-based Convolution Neural Network (R-CNN) deep learning model is adapted to use depth input data besides RGB by applying transfer learning, hyperparameter optimization and re-training on a newly prepared elevator image dataset. Evaluations prove that with the chosen strategy, the accuracy of R-CNN instance segmentation is applicable on RGB-D data, thereby resolving lack of image quality in the noise affected and reflective elevator cabins. The mean average precision (mAP) of 0.753 is increased to 0.768 after the incorporation of additional depth data and with additional FuseNet-FPN backbone on RGB-D the mAP is further increased to 0.794. With the proposed instance segmentation model, reliable elevator surveillance becomes feasible as first prototypes and on-road tests proof.
|Titel||29th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, WSCG 2021 - Proceedings|
|Herausgeber (Verlag)||Vaclav Skala Union Agency|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 2021|
|Veranstaltung||29th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, WSCG 2021 - Plzen, Tschechische Republik|
Dauer: 17 Mai 2021 → 20 Mai 2021
|Konferenz||29th International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision, WSCG 2021|
|Zeitraum||17.05.2021 → 20.05.2021|