The efficient transport of Hydrogen is pivotal to the wide scale adaption of energy produced from renewable sources. Reciprocating piston compressors with high strength non-lubricated sealing solutions for piston and rod packing rings will be a key technology to fulfill gas purity and high-pressure gradients demands set by hydrogen applications. Polyimide polymer matrix composites have seen use in tribological applications and promise high mechanical strength and temperature resistance. The presented work describes carbon fiber reinforced Polyimide blends in comparison, characterized by complementary advanced methods to investigate their properties and potential for reciprocating compressor applications. Thermo-mechanical and tribological testing was supported by microstructure analysis utilizing synchrotron tomography and electron microscopy, pinpointing the necessity of dry lubricating additives such as PTFE. New insights in micromechanical deformation behavior of fiber reinforced polymers are given and promising fiber-reinforced polyimide compositions suitable for high-pressure hydrogen compression applications were identified.