The Class IIA Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) Inhibitor TMP269 Downregulates Ribosomal Proteins and Has Anti-Proliferative and Pro-Apoptotic Effects on AML Cells

Laura Urwanisch, Michael Stefan Unger, Helene Sieberer, Hieu-Hoa Dang, Theresa Neuper, Christof Regl, Julia Vetter, Susanne Schaller, Stephan Winkler, Emanuela Kerschbamer, Christian Weichenberger, Peter Krenn, Michela Luciano, Lisa Pleyer, Richard Greil, Christian Huber, Fritz Aberger, Jutta Horejs-Hoeck

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

2 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematopoietic malignancy characterized by altered myeloid progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. As in many other cancers, epigenetic transcriptional repressors such as histone deacetylases (HDACs) are dysregulated in AML. Here, we investigated (1) HDAC gene expression in AML patients and in different AML cell lines and (2) the effect of treating AML cells with the specific class IIA HDAC inhibitor TMP269, by applying proteomic and comparative bioinformatic analyses. We also analyzed cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the cell-killing capacities of TMP269 in combination with venetoclax compared to azacitidine plus venetoclax, by flow cytometry. Our results demonstrate significantly overexpressed class I and class II HDAC genes in AML patients, a phenotype which is conserved in AML cell lines. In AML MOLM-13 cells, TMP269 treatment downregulated a set of ribosomal proteins which are overexpressed in AML patients at the transcriptional level. TMP269 showed anti-proliferative effects and induced additive apoptotic effects in combination with venetoclax. We conclude that TMP269 exerts anti-leukemic activity when combined with venetoclax and has potential as a therapeutic drug in AML.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer1039
FachzeitschriftCancers
Jahrgang15
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 7 Feb. 2023

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