In terms of freight transportation it is essential to pick the most convenient mode(s) of transport (MOT). To get a more flexible system, one can assume that the number of transport options at each hub should be maximized. Therefore, it is investigated how a new hub concept comprising four MOT, a so-called “quattromodal freight hub”, can be implemented in the existing transport system from a traffic planning, technological and organizational point of view.
The research incorporates screening existing literature and best practices, conducting stakeholder interviews as well as performing site visits at the best practice areas Hamburg (Germany) and Constanta (Romania). Furthermore, the implementation perspective for a quattromodal freight hub in the city of Vienna (Austria) is examined.
The research revealed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the concept from a theoretical and practical perspective. Four options to create a quattromodal freight hub in the city of Vienna could be identified taking the effects on the overall transport system capacity, arising costs and the legal framework into account.
Cost and efficiency related decision criteria are decisive for the implementation of a quattromodal freight hub. An implementation in the city of Vienna is attractive in terms of prestige and unique selling proposition for the region but at the same time requires further research in terms of legal aspects and impacts on the region.