A Comparative Study of Time Series Forecasting of Solar Energy Based on Irradiance Classification

Titel in Übersetzung: Eine vergleichende Studie zur Zeitreihenvorhersage der Solarenergie basiered auf der Klassifizierung der Bestrahlungsstärke

Jayesh Lakshmidas Thaker, Robert Höller

    Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

    1 Zitat (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sustainable energy systems rely on energy yield from renewable resources such as solar radia-tion and wind, which are typically not on-demand and need to be stored or immediately con-sumed. Solar irradiance is a highly stochastic phenomenon depending on fluctuating atmos-pheric conditions, in particular clouds and aerosols. The complexity of weather conditions in terms of many variable parameters and their inherent unpredictability limit the performance and accuracy of solar power forecasting models. As renewable power penetration in electricity grids increases due to the rapid increase in the installation of photovoltaics (PV) systems, the resulting challenges are amplified. A regional PV power prediction system is presented and evaluated by providing forecasts up to 72 h ahead with an hourly time resolution. The proposed approach is based on a local radiation forecast model developed by Blue Sky. In this paper, we propose a novel method of deriving forecast equations by using an irradiance classification ap-proach to cluster the dataset. A separate equation is derived using the GEKKO optimization tool, and an algorithm is assigned for each cluster. Several other linear regressions, time series and machine learning (ML) models are applied and compared. A feature selection process is used to select the most important weather parameters for solar power generation. Finally, considering the prediction errors in each cluster, a weighted average and an average ensemble model are also developed. The focus of this paper is the comparison of the capability and performance of statistical and ML methods for producing a reliable hourly day-ahead forecast of PV power by applying different skill scores. The proposed models are evaluated, results are compared for different models and the probabilistic time series forecast is presented. Results show that the ir-radiance classification approach reduces the forecasting error by a considerable margin, and the proposed GEKKO optimized model outperforms other machine learning and ensemble models. These findings also emphasize the potential of ML-based methods, which perform better in low-power and high-cloud conditions, as well as the need to build an ensemble or hybrid model based on different ML algorithms to achieve improved projections.
    Titel in ÜbersetzungEine vergleichende Studie zur Zeitreihenvorhersage der Solarenergie basiered auf der Klassifizierung der Bestrahlungsstärke
    OriginalspracheEnglisch
    Aufsatznummer2837
    Seiten (von - bis)1-26
    Seitenumfang26
    FachzeitschriftEnergies
    Jahrgang15
    Ausgabenummer8
    DOIs
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 13 Apr. 2022

    Schlagwörter

    • PV power forecasting
    • probabilistic forecast
    • machine learning
    • ensemble models
    • solar
    • weather classification
    • clear sky index

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